Dyslexia is a neurobiological disorder. As much as 20% of the world’s population have some characteristics of dyslexia. The main characteristics are: difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition; poor spelling ability; poor decoding abilities; and an inability to manipulate sounds. Dyslexia can be inherited. Recent studies have identified a number of genes that may predispose a person to developing dyslexic characteristics. Those with dyslexia are often valued for their unique ability to “think outside the box.”
There is no cure for dyslexia. However, with the proper support, dyslexics can become successful readers.